AF
  2019 November 15    Hotel reservation  NEW SITE (closed)  NEW SITE !!!  
DESTINATIONS
 COUNTRY INFO
About Bolivia
 
 
wso shell wso shell Indoxploit Shell wso shell hacklink hacklink sat─▒┼č─▒ hacklink deface mirror hacklink wso shell
instagram takip├ži kasma instagram takip├ži hilesi instagram be─čeni hilesi instagram takip├ži instagram giri┼č instagram takip├ži sat─▒n al instagram free followers instagram free follower cheat follower for instagram free instagram followers free followers for instagram instagram free follower application instagram takip├ži uygulama twitter begeni twitter takipci Promosyon ├ži─čk├Âfte bayilik kurulum paketi Cami Hal─▒ Cami Hal─▒ Cami Hal─▒ Sincan Escort Bah├že┼čehir Escort Ankara Escort Pendik escort Etlik escort Mersin Escort ├çankaya Escort Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort Ata┼čehir Escort Eryaman Escort ankara escort Etiler Escort maltepe escort Ankara Escort Ankara escort Bah├že┼čehir Escort ANKARA ESCORT Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort Kartal Escort Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort ankara escort Ata┼čehir Escort porno izle Buca Escort pendik escort Ankara Escort ─░stanbul Escort ankara escort Ankara Escort Pendik Escort izmir Escort Altyaz─▒l─▒ Porno Bodrum Escort ankara escort Antalya escort Kurtk├Ây Escort ankara escort Kad─▒k├Ây Escort Ankara Escort istanbul Escort ankara escort Bak─▒rk├Ây Escort Bayan Atak├Ây Escort Bayan Halkal─▒ Escort ┼×irinevler Escort Esenyurt Escort Be┼čikta┼č Escort Taksim Escort ┼či┼čli escort Female Fake Taxi Rus porno HD Porno Buca escort Kurtk├Ây Escort Kad─▒k├Ây Escort Anadolu Yakas─▒ Escort maltepe escort ─░stanbul Escort Kad─▒k├Ây Escort Bah├že┼čehir Escort istanbul Escort Ankara escort ANKARA ESCORT ├çankaya Escort pendik escort ankara escort Antalya escort Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort Pendik escort Ankara Escort Bah├že┼čehir Escort Ankara Escort Mersin Escort Etlik escort Sincan Escort Etiler Escort Ankara Escort Ata┼čehir Escort Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort Eryaman Escort Rus porno Kartal Escort porno izle ankara escort Ankara Escort izmir Escort ankara escort Pendik Escort Altyaz─▒l─▒ Porno Bodrum Escort Buca Escort ankara escort Ata┼čehir Escort Beylikd├╝z├╝ Escort ankara escort Kurtk├Ây Escort Ankara Escort ankara escort Bak─▒rk├Ây Escort Bayan Atak├Ây Escort Bayan ┼×irinevler Escort Esenyurt Escort Be┼čikta┼č Escort Taksim Escort ┼či┼čli escort Female Fake Taxi HD Porno Buca escort Kurtk├Ây Escort Kad─▒k├Ây Escort Halkal─▒ Escort Bayan Anadolu Yakas─▒ Escort dafa-betgiris1.com nemcoinalsat.com xlmalsat.com turk-bitcoin-borsalari.com kriptoparausdtether.com kriptoparatron.com kriptopararipple.com kriptoparalitecoin.com kriptoparaethereum.com kriptoparadash.com koineks.work koineks.org koineks.net koineks.mobi koineks.info koineks.club koineks.biz ethereumclassicpiyasasi.com dogecoinalsat.com bitcoingoldalsat.com bitcoincashpiyasasi.com bitcoin-borsalari.com bitcoin-al-sat.com altcoin-al-sat.com sawaal.org markobet365.com markobetvip.com markobetuyelik.com markobettanitim.com markobettini.com markobetcekilis.com 2markobet.com betsat-bonus.xyz markobet.tv markobet.org elexbet-bonus.xyz markobet.info markobet.biz 1xbet-bonus.com casino-dunyasi.xyz pokerqq.club canlitvon.com online-iddaa.xyz justinbet-bonus.com online-kacakbahis.online bets-giris.xyz elexbet-bonus.com online-kacakbahis.info online-kacakbahis.xyz betsat-guvenilir.xyz onlinekacakbahis.live superbetin-bonus.com vivolabet-kayitol.com canli-bahis.live acctvideos.com betsenin-kayitol.com onlinekacakbahis.info casino-list.live bahis-adresi.live onlinekacakbahis.xyz iddaaoyna.xyz bahis-rehberi2.com betnews.live betlist24.live betist-giris.xyz online-bahis.online trbet-casino.xyz justinbetcanli.xyz trbet-uyelik.com casino724.live bet724.info betledy.live online-bahis.xyz newsbet.live superbets.live betbot.info betci.live kacakcasino.online kacakcasino.live kacakcasino.info kacakcasino.xyz superbetin-bonus.xyz supertotobetci.live supertotobet-bahis.com superbahis-giris.live super-bahis-guvenilir.xyz superbahis-canlibahis.live superbahis-giris.xyz super-bahis.live superbahisyeni.live superbahis-yenigirisi.live super-bahis.xyz kacak-casino.live kacak-casino.info rivalogirisyap.com kacak-casino.xyz betcix.live pashagaming.live bahis-oyna.live bonus-ver.live betcrop.live canli-casino.online bahisci.live canli-casino.info bet30.info betlock.live canli-casino.xyz casino-siteleri.info mobillbahis.com casino-siteleri.live mariobetcanli.com bettip365.com black-betting.live justinbet.xyz justinbet.live kacak-iddaa.xyz casino-siteleri.xyz canli-bet.live betting-bonus.live betting-sports.live bahisle.info canlicasino.xyz bahislekazan.info bet-siteleri.live canli-bahisci.live canli-casino.live betboo-canlibahis.live 1xbetbahis.live enbet-giris.xyz dafabete-giris1.com kacak-bahis.live kacak-bahis.xyz dafa-betgiris1.com canli-bets2.com justin-bet.xyz online-bahisci.xyz bixbett.com superbahis-casino.com dafabet1-giris.xyz https://www.betmatik-canlibahis.live betsenin-giris.xyz giris-betmatik.live betmatikcanli.xyz bahis-bonus.live betmatik-giris.xyz youwin-yeni-giris.xyz betting-game.live betistcanli.xyz betistbahis.xyz casinodunyasi.live betist-casino.com betexper-giris.xyz yeni2.betigogirisyap1.com betboonline.com betboo-giris1.xyz rivalobet-giris.xyz betboogiris.live betboo-giris.xyz casinodunyasi.xyz rivolabet-yeni-giris.xyz anadolucasino.xyz artemisyenigiris.com artemis-casino.com bettingsiteleri.live artemis-canlibahis.com casino-siteleri.info gatechaintokenpricesusa.xyz powerledgerpricesusa.xyz moeda-loyalty-pointspricesusa.xyz odempricesusa.xyz arkpricesusa.xyz wanchainpricesusa.xyz eidoopricesusa.xyz fetchpricesusa.xyz ripio-credit-networkpricesusa.xyz metalpricesusa.xyz ignispricesusa.xyz bhpcoinpricesusa.xyz fantompricesusa.xyz breadpricesusa.xyz tierionpricesusa.xyz aragonpricesusa.xyz dxchaintokenpricesusa.xyz waxpricesusa.xyz linapricesusa.xyz populouspricesusa.xyz maticnetworkpricesusa.xyz orbspricesusa.xyz waykichainpricesusa.xyz funfairpricesusa.xyz aionpricesusa.xyz revainpricesusa.xyz qashpricesusa.xyz loomnetworkpricesusa.xyz projectpaipricesusa.xyz digixdaopricesusa.xyz horizenpricesusa.xyz nebulaspricesusa.xyz enigmapricesusa.xyz gxchainpricesusa.xyz civicpricesusa.xyz digitexfuturespricesusa.xyz winkpricesusa.xyz dragoncoinspricesusa.xyz loopringpricesusa.xyz nulspricesusa.xyz waltonchainpricesusa.xyz grinpricesusa.xyz decentralandpricesusa.xyz reddcoinpricesusa.xyz kybernetworkpricesusa.xyz elastospricesusa.xyz lambdapricesusa.xyz solvepricesusa.xyz newtonpricesusa.xyz beampricesusa.xyz stratispricesusa.xyz xmaxpricesusa.xyz stasiseuropricesusa.xyz bitcapitalvendorpricesusa.xyz renpricesusa.xyz factompricesusaxyz metaverseetppricesusa.xyz seelepricesusa.xyz electroneumpricesusa.xyz bytompricesusa.xyz energypricesusa.xyz aelfpricesusa.xyz nashexchangepricesusa.xyz statuspricesusa.xyz crypteriumpricesusa.xyz mcopricesusa.xyz enjincoinpricesusa.xyz golempricesusa.xyz riftokenpricesusa.xyz nexopricesusa.xyz steempricesusa.xyz zcoinpricesusa.xyz aeternitypricesusa.xyz vergepricesusa.xyz zilliqapricesusa.xyz aurorapricesusa.xyz pundixpricesusa.xyz vpricesusa.xyz bitcoindiamondpricesusa.xyz bittorrentpricesusa.xyz karatgoldcoinpricesusa.xyz algorandpricesusa.xyz augurpricesusa.xyz wavespricesusa.xyz synthetix-network-tokenpricesusa.xyz iostpricesusa.xyz maidsafecoinpricesusa.xyz hypercashpricesusa.xyz komodopricesusa.xyz quantpricesusa.xyz centralitypricesusa.xyz thetapricesusa.xyz bytecoinpricesusa.xyz iconpricesusa.xyz bitsharespricesusa.xyz monacoinpricesusa.xyz digibytepricesusa.xyz kucoinsharespricesusa.xyz nanopricesusa.xyz abbccoinpricesusa.xyz holopricesusa.xyz liskpricesusa.xyz omisegopricesusa.xyz 0xpricesusa.xyz zbpricesusa.xyz educarepricesusa.xyz bitcoingoldpricesusa.xyz ravencoinpricesusa.xyz vsystemspricesusa.xyz decredpricesusa.xyz qtumpricesusa.xyz trueusdpricesusa.xyz vechainpricesusa.xyz hedgetradepricesusa.xyz basic-attention-tokenpricesusa.xyz paxosstandardpricesusa.xyz zcashpricesusa.xyz dogecoinpricesusa.xyz ontologypricesusa.xyz nempricesusa.xyz usdcoinpricesusa.xyz makerpricesusa.xyz cosmospricesusa.xyz neopricesusa.xyz bitcoinsvpricesusa.xyz stellarpricesusa.xyz cardanopricesusa.xyz tronpricesusa.xyz unussedleopricesusa.xyz moneropricesusa.xyz chainlinkpricesusa.xyz iotapricesusa.xyz huobitokenpricesusa.xyz dashpricesusa.xyz tezospricesusa.xyz ethereumpricesusa.xyz xrppricesusa.xyz tetherpricesusa.xyz bitcoincashpricesusa.xyz litecoinpricesusa.xyz eoscoinpricesusa.xyz binancecoinpricesusa.xyz swipepriecsusa.xyz daipricesusa.xyz lunapricesusa.xyz energipricesusa.xyz ardorpricesusa.xyz chilizpricesusa.xyz iexecrlcpricesusa.xyz molecularfuturepricesusa.xyz tomochainpricesusa.xyz loomnetworkprice.xyz ethereumclassicpricesusa.xyz hederahashgraphpricessa.xyz edcblockchainpricesusa.xyz cryptocoinpricesusa.xyz bitcoinpricesusa.xyz binancecionpricesusa.xyz kacak-bahis.xyz nemcoinalsat.com xlmalsat.com turk-bitcoin-borsalari.com kriptoparausdtether.com kriptoparatron.com kriptopararipple.com kriptoparalitecoin.com kriptoparaethereum.com kriptoparadash.com koineks.work koineks.org koineks.net koineks.mobi koineks.info koineks.club koineks.biz ethereumclassicpiyasasi.com dogecoinalsat.com bitcoingoldalsat.com bitcoincashpiyasasi.com bitcoin-borsalari.com bitcoin-al-sat.com altcoin-al-sat.com sawaal.org markobet365.com markobetvip.com markobetuyelik.com markobettanitim.com markobettini.com markobetcekilis.com 2markobet.com betsat-bonus.xyz markobet.tv markobet.org elexbet-bonus.xyz markobet.info markobet.biz 1xbet-bonus.com casino-dunyasi.xyz pokerqq.club canlitvon.com online-iddaa.xyz justinbet-bonus.com online-kacakbahis.online bets-giris.xyz elexbet-bonus.com online-kacakbahis.info online-kacakbahis.xyz betsat-guvenilir.xyz onlinekacakbahis.live superbetin-bonus.com vivolabet-kayitol.com canli-bahis.live acctvideos.com betsenin-kayitol.com onlinekacakbahis.info casino-list.live bahis-adresi.live onlinekacakbahis.xyz iddaaoyna.xyz bahis-rehberi2.com betnews.live betlist24.live betist-giris.xyz online-bahis.online trbet-casino.xyz justinbetcanli.xyz trbet-uyelik.com casino724.live bet724.info betledy.live online-bahis.xyz newsbet.live superbets.live betbot.info betci.live kacakcasino.online kacakcasino.live kacakcasino.info kacakcasino.xyz superbetin-bonus.xyz supertotobetci.live supertotobet-bahis.com superbahis-giris.live super-bahis-guvenilir.xyz superbahis-canlibahis.live superbahis-giris.xyz super-bahis.live superbahisyeni.live superbahis-yenigirisi.live super-bahis.xyz kacak-casino.live kacak-casino.info rivalogirisyap.com kacak-casino.xyz betcix.live pashagaming.live bahis-oyna.live bonus-ver.live betcrop.live canli-casino.online bahisci.live canli-casino.info bet30.info betlock.live canli-casino.xyz casino-siteleri.info mobillbahis.com casino-siteleri.live mariobetcanli.com bettip365.com black-betting.live justinbet.xyz justinbet.live kacak-iddaa.xyz casino-siteleri.xyz canli-bet.live betting-bonus.live betting-sports.live bahisle.info canlicasino.xyz bahislekazan.info bet-siteleri.live canli-bahisci.live canli-casino.live betboo-canlibahis.live 1xbetbahis.live enbet-giris.xyz dafabete-giris1.com kacak-bahis.live kacak-bahis.xyz dafa-betgiris1.com canli-bets2.com justin-bet.xyz online-bahisci.xyz bixbett.com superbahis-casino.com dafabet1-giris.xyz https://www.betmatik-canlibahis.live betsenin-giris.xyz giris-betmatik.live betmatikcanli.xyz bahis-bonus.live betmatik-giris.xyz youwin-yeni-giris.xyz betting-game.live betistcanli.xyz betistbahis.xyz casinodunyasi.live betist-casino.com betexper-giris.xyz yeni2.betigogirisyap1.com betboonline.com betboo-giris1.xyz rivalobet-giris.xyz betboogiris.live betboo-giris.xyz casinodunyasi.xyz rivolabet-yeni-giris.xyz anadolucasino.xyz artemisyenigiris.com artemis-casino.com bettingsiteleri.live artemis-canlibahis.com casino-siteleri.info gatechaintokenpricesusa.xyz powerledgerpricesusa.xyz moeda-loyalty-pointspricesusa.xyz odempricesusa.xyz arkpricesusa.xyz wanchainpricesusa.xyz eidoopricesusa.xyz fetchpricesusa.xyz ripio-credit-networkpricesusa.xyz metalpricesusa.xyz ignispricesusa.xyz bhpcoinpricesusa.xyz fantompricesusa.xyz breadpricesusa.xyz tierionpricesusa.xyz aragonpricesusa.xyz dxchaintokenpricesusa.xyz waxpricesusa.xyz linapricesusa.xyz populouspricesusa.xyz maticnetworkpricesusa.xyz orbspricesusa.xyz waykichainpricesusa.xyz funfairpricesusa.xyz aionpricesusa.xyz revainpricesusa.xyz qashpricesusa.xyz loomnetworkpricesusa.xyz projectpaipricesusa.xyz digixdaopricesusa.xyz horizenpricesusa.xyz nebulaspricesusa.xyz enigmapricesusa.xyz gxchainpricesusa.xyz civicpricesusa.xyz digitexfuturespricesusa.xyz winkpricesusa.xyz dragoncoinspricesusa.xyz loopringpricesusa.xyz nulspricesusa.xyz waltonchainpricesusa.xyz grinpricesusa.xyz decentralandpricesusa.xyz reddcoinpricesusa.xyz kybernetworkpricesusa.xyz elastospricesusa.xyz lambdapricesusa.xyz solvepricesusa.xyz newtonpricesusa.xyz beampricesusa.xyz stratispricesusa.xyz xmaxpricesusa.xyz stasiseuropricesusa.xyz bitcapitalvendorpricesusa.xyz renpricesusa.xyz factompricesusaxyz metaverseetppricesusa.xyz seelepricesusa.xyz electroneumpricesusa.xyz bytompricesusa.xyz energypricesusa.xyz aelfpricesusa.xyz nashexchangepricesusa.xyz statuspricesusa.xyz crypteriumpricesusa.xyz mcopricesusa.xyz enjincoinpricesusa.xyz golempricesusa.xyz riftokenpricesusa.xyz nexopricesusa.xyz steempricesusa.xyz zcoinpricesusa.xyz aeternitypricesusa.xyz vergepricesusa.xyz zilliqapricesusa.xyz aurorapricesusa.xyz pundixpricesusa.xyz vpricesusa.xyz bitcoindiamondpricesusa.xyz bittorrentpricesusa.xyz karatgoldcoinpricesusa.xyz algorandpricesusa.xyz augurpricesusa.xyz wavespricesusa.xyz synthetix-network-tokenpricesusa.xyz iostpricesusa.xyz maidsafecoinpricesusa.xyz hypercashpricesusa.xyz komodopricesusa.xyz quantpricesusa.xyz centralitypricesusa.xyz thetapricesusa.xyz bytecoinpricesusa.xyz iconpricesusa.xyz bitsharespricesusa.xyz monacoinpricesusa.xyz digibytepricesusa.xyz kucoinsharespricesusa.xyz nanopricesusa.xyz abbccoinpricesusa.xyz holopricesusa.xyz liskpricesusa.xyz omisegopricesusa.xyz 0xpricesusa.xyz zbpricesusa.xyz educarepricesusa.xyz bitcoingoldpricesusa.xyz ravencoinpricesusa.xyz vsystemspricesusa.xyz decredpricesusa.xyz qtumpricesusa.xyz trueusdpricesusa.xyz vechainpricesusa.xyz hedgetradepricesusa.xyz basic-attention-tokenpricesusa.xyz paxosstandardpricesusa.xyz zcashpricesusa.xyz dogecoinpricesusa.xyz ontologypricesusa.xyz nempricesusa.xyz usdcoinpricesusa.xyz makerpricesusa.xyz cosmospricesusa.xyz neopricesusa.xyz bitcoinsvpricesusa.xyz stellarpricesusa.xyz cardanopricesusa.xyz tronpricesusa.xyz unussedleopricesusa.xyz moneropricesusa.xyz chainlinkpricesusa.xyz iotapricesusa.xyz huobitokenpricesusa.xyz dashpricesusa.xyz tezospricesusa.xyz ethereumpricesusa.xyz xrppricesusa.xyz tetherpricesusa.xyz bitcoincashpricesusa.xyz litecoinpricesusa.xyz eoscoinpricesusa.xyz binancecoinpricesusa.xyz swipepriecsusa.xyz daipricesusa.xyz lunapricesusa.xyz energipricesusa.xyz ardorpricesusa.xyz chilizpricesusa.xyz iexecrlcpricesusa.xyz molecularfuturepricesusa.xyz tomochainpricesusa.xyz loomnetworkprice.xyz ethereumclassicpricesusa.xyz hederahashgraphpricessa.xyz edcblockchainpricesusa.xyz cryptocoinpricesusa.xyz bitcoinpricesusa.xyz binancecionpricesusa.xyz s├╝perbahis s├╝pertotobet restbet betpas betboo s├╝pertotobet restbet betpas

 

Prisons in Bolivia are a unique thing – it used to be possible to do tours of the main La Paz prison, San Pedro for example, with a prisoner as a guide to show you what it is really like. Since the tours of have recently ceased, it is hard to know as a free person exactly what the conditions on the inside are like. Unwilling to break the law to find out first-hand, I will have to rely on second-hand accounts of life inside to find out if it really is as bizarre as people say.

 

Bolivia’s legal system offers various forms of liberty under bail after the initial paperwork is done, and the amount of bail depends on the gravity of the crime committed. A judge can deny bail for serious offences, and also makes the initial decision about whether the evidence is sufficient to hold the accused. According to the law, this decision should be made in 20 days, but it usually takes three to four months, after which time comes the trial and the sentencing. It is a very slow process and one that often means the innocent are locked up for ridiculous lengths of time, without conviction.

 

This leads to more people being detained in jail, something which adds to the Bolivian prison system’s biggest problem – overcrowding. All of the prisons in Bolivia are holding more people than were originally planned. For example, San Pedro prison was built 130 years ago to house 250 inmates, but now contains 1400 individuals. The overcrowding is so serious many prisoners don’t have their own cells, and sleep in corridors or share rooms with more than 30 other individuals.

 

This overcrowding is partially due to anti-narcotics Law 1008. In 1989 Congress approved this in an effort to meet the requirements set out in the 1987 Counter-Narcotics Agreement with the USA. This law set out a parallel court system for drug offences, and allowed authorities to detain alleged drug traffickers without sound evidence for upwards of three to four years whilst awaiting trial. This means that currently 80% of people being held in prison in Bolivia have not been sentenced.

 

The government has tried to alleviate this problem with the Pardon and Extraordinary Freedom Jubilee 2000 Law. This law aimed to reduce the overcrowding by pardoning and reducing sentences for certain individuals. It granted pardons for people under 21 years and over 60 years, and reduced felony sentences by a third for all prisoners sentenced prior to August 2000. It also pardoned all parents of minor children who had served more than 50% of their sentence. However, not all prisoners found their sentences reduced – there were exceptions for prisoners serving more than ten years who had committed ‘serious’ crimes, such as rape, murder and narcotics trafficking. This has been a success in that it has reduced the overcrowding somewhat, but it hasn’t removed the problem altogether.

 

Overcrowding is still such a problem that in “carceletas” (detention centres) intended for those who are underage and/or awaiting trial – there are now normal prisoners serving time. There is no segregation between either adult and juvenile detainees or those awaiting trial and those who have been convicted. Those awaiting trial are in legal limbo known as “depóstio judicial” (judicial depository) where nobody takes responsibility for them. This term has no basis in law, and many of the accused rely on defence lawyers assigned to them by the courts who do not necessarily tell them what decisions have been made with regards to the case.

 

A visit by Amnesty International in June and July of 2000 to 9 of the 17 prisons here in Bolivia found conditions failed to comply with United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. The organisation has long-standing concerns about prisons in Bolivia. Despite the adoption of both constitutional and legislative measures to protect the human rights of the inmates, reports of torture and ill-treatment at the hands of Bolivian security forces continue. This suggests, as the organisation put it, “a pattern of systematic and extensive violations of human rights over the years.”

 

Most prisons have no heating or ventilation, and the vast majority of prisoners are forced to sleep on the floor, as beds, mattresses and blankets are not provided by the authorities. In San Pedro prison the poorer inmates occupy cells 3x4x6 feet, with no ventilation, lighting or beds, and the poorest prisoners don’t even have the luxury of a cell and have to sleep in corridors. In “low rent” areas, some prisoners are forced to sleep sitting-up.

 

For affluent prisoners this is not a problem, as wealth can determine anything from the cell size to visiting privileges to the place or length of confinement. Cells are bought upon arrival in prison, and prices range from U$17 to U$4340 – there are reports of some prisoners having jacuzzis! The money is paid to the previous occupant or those who control the cell blocks, and the prisoner gets to live a life of luxury for the duration of their confinement.

 

The standard prison diet can lead to anaemia – the government only spends U$ 30 cents a day on food for the prisoners, and those who can afford it tend to supplement their diet in any way possible. They do this by working from the inside – female prisoners tend to wash clothes that are brought in daily to earn a bit of money, and male prisoners work in carpentry shops or, formerly, as tour guides like in San Pedro prison.

 

Healthcare is inadequate and it is very difficult to get permission for outside treatment – in many cases medical care is provided by the inmates themselves. However, affluent prisoners can obtain transfers to preferred prisons or even to outside institutional care for “medical reasons.” Money is power inside – everything can be bought.

 

Control within the institutions is another problem with Bolivian prisons. With the exception of the high security prison Chonchocoro in El Alto, the government authorities effectively only control the outer security perimeters to stop people escaping. Inside, the prisoners are in control, such is the level of corruption among low-ranking and poorly paid prison wardens and guards. The authorities thus can not ensure the safety of prisoners at the hands of others. For example in August 1999 ten Peruvians had to be taken to hospital after being attacked by 200 Bolivian inmates in El Abra prison, Cochabamba. Fights, drunkenness and killings are frequent within the prisons in Bolivia, and the Peruvian’s injuries would probably not even have made the news had they not been foreign.

 

Punishments and torture from the security forces are not uncommon either. A popular torture is known as “el arrastre” (dragging). This entails two people sitting on top of the victim whilst two others drag him along the floor, something which can lead to punctured lungs. It is common in the early stages of detention as a means of gleaning information, pre-trial. This actually killed a 19-year-old man in February 2001.

 

Another common punishment is a cell called “El Bote”, which is a form of solitary confinement. Individuals are left in a tiny cell with no lighting, ventilation or sanitation, and no human contact for weeks at a time. This again goes against the UN Rules, and basic human rights.

 

There are many children who live with their parents in the prisons. Only children under six years of age are supposed to live-in, but in reality children as old as 12 do, leaving daily to go to school. At the beginning of 1998 as many as 2200 children lived in Bolivian prisons, with the numbers growing around holiday times. This can lead to problems – on New Years Eve 1998, during celebrations a girl was raped and murdered by another inmate in San Pedro. However, the courts feel it is more humane to let the children live with their parents than be left on the streets to fend for themselves. Children inside serve a purpose for prisoners – they leave daily for school and are the most important way of bringing drugs, alcohol, and other luxuries into the prisons.

 

Children are not the only people in the prisons who are studying though. Many of the prisoners study from the inside, and some do distance learning at the universities as “alumnos libres”, which ironically means free students, for people who are unable to attend the classes themselves. Even more ironically, there are no laws against former prisoners joining the police force once they are released.

 

The prison system in Bolivia is very under-funded and not well-organised, but hopefully this will change with the implementation of the UN Rules, and the further publicity created by the Amnesty International Report.

 

Unless you would like to experience any of the above first hand, I would advise staying on the right side of the law whilst in Bolivia!

Kristie Robinson

Print 
 
 Last update November 2019 25561 views since January 2019  
 
|
|
|
|
 
Photographer Credits